The difference between insulin resistance and diabetes

According to the World Health Organisation, diabetes is a growing challenge in India with about 8.7% diabetic population in the age group of 20-70 years. Diabetes is a growing concern all around the world, especially in India where the risk factors of the disease like obesity, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diets, etc are also on a rise. Diabetes is directly linked with the hormone that breaks down sugar in the blood – insulin.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, and it is responsible for the breakdown of sugar in the blood, and for its use as a source of energy for the body. Even when the problem of diabetes is so prevalent in the country, very few people are aware of its details. many people, often due to the association between diabetes and insulin, use the two terms ‘diabetes’ and ‘insulin resistance’ interchangeably. however, they are two different conditions.

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